Agriculture largely controls the world economy and is an integral factor when it comes to developing nations. It acts as a primary source of income, employment, food, and other basic needs all over the globe. As per the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), agriculture shares 67% of the total population.
Agricultural Producers also recorded a gross domestic product (GDP) of 39.4%. Out of this 43% of all exports include agricultural commodities. This industry employs more than one billion people worldwide contributing 2.4 trillion USD.
Around 2018 the global gross domestic product of this industry was four per cent. This is equivalent to more than 25% of GDP in some developing countries.
A few trends are expected to impact the global agricultural market by 2025. It would comprise the adoption of new technologies such as farming digitization, development of mechanised harvesting tools, sustainable farming methodologies and sustainable techniques for food security.
In fact, most developing agricultural producing countries depend on agricultural imports for food certainty and many emerging countries will not refine without a significant increase in local production. This supports the fact that the role of agriculture in world economic development has gotten a lot of recognition in the last few years.
The fact that the world’s 11% of the land is occupied by agriculture is inevitable. Out of this 26% of the land is used for animal grazing. The types of Agricultural products include food fuel fibre and raw materials.
Here is a list of the Top 10 largest agricultural producers in the world that have impacted the Global agriculture market to a huge level and helped in sustaining the economy worldwide by providing the best food commodities.
China feeds 22% of the world’s population because of its 7% of arable land. China upgraded its farming policies and technologies after the 20th century during this time the country struggled to feed its large population. The technologies adopted made China big-time self-sufficiency and growth.
The country is highly employed in agriculture. China lost one-fifth of its arable land in 1949 and now only 10% to 15% of the land is suitable for agriculture. China is one of the largest producers of rice across the world they also produce Soybeans kaoliang wheat millet and corn
2. The United States
Best known for its agricultural Technology and Science the United States has provided some advanced techniques that proved itself a remarkable achievement in the field of agriculture.
The United States is a role model for all the developing countries as it came with unique ideas such as scientific soil, crop analysis, innovative machinery and increased use of computers.
Corn was the largest crop here that producing an amount of 247,882,000 metric tons followed by soybean with 74,598,000 metric tons. Other major crops include sugarcane, potatoes, coffee, sugar beets, and bananas.
In India, 58 % of the population is engaged in agriculture practices. Agriculture contributes 18% of GDP. in the past 14 years, 11 % of the Indian agriculture population increased. The agricultural sector is the primary source of income here. India contributes by producing a wide variety of fruits including banana, guava, mango, lemon papaya and vegetables including chickpeas.
Along with this India secured a top position in the production of milk followed by dry fruits, fish, egg and poultry worldwide. In fact, India is the world’s largest wheat-producing country. Also, Indian agriculture contributes 60% to overall India’s agriculture GDP only by animal farming and horticulture.
Over 23 million hectares of land are cultivated in Russia out of this half of the cultivated land area is covered with grain cultivation. This accounts for 70% of the total grain produced in the country with wheat being the most dominant crop. The country is mainly engaged in the industrial economy and has a huge agriculture industry.
Beet production has grown superbly in recent years as 30% of the agricultural land in Russia is captured for the production of sugar beet, wheat and potatoes. Around 6% of the total Russian GDP comes from the agricultural sector. The main crops produced by the country are rye, barley, oats and maize.
Every year the agricultural sector generates 16% of the employment opportunities in the country.
Brazil has been appreciated for a long time for being the best agricultural country in the world based on its economy. Around 41% of the total land is occupied for agricultural purposes. Out of 2.1 billion acres of land 867.4 million acres of land are occupied for farming purposes. The native started farming some 12000 years ago with sugarcane as the initial priority
Brazil is the world leader in the production of sugarcane; it produces 600 million + tons of sugarcane every year. other crops including sweet potatoes, maize, peanuts, tobacco, and many more.